Monday, October 29, 2007

Battery in1913 to 1947

One of the downfalls of the battery electric vehicle was the opening of the electric starter in 1913. It easy the task of starting an internal combustion engine which was previously hard and dangerous to start with the crank handle. Another was the mass-produced and somewhat cheap Ford Model-T. Finally, the loss of Edisons through present electric power transmission system. He was battling with George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla over their desire to introduce alternating present as the principal electricity distribution. Edison's direct current was the weight for electric motors.

Battery electric vehicles were limited to position applications. Forklift trucks were battery exciting vehicles when introduced in 1923. BEV golf carts which were used as locality electric vehicles and were partially "street legal". By the late 1930s, the electric automobile business had disappeared until the invention of the point contact transistor in 1947 which started a new era of electric vehicle.

Monday, October 22, 2007

History of Battery Electric Vehicles in 1900

Prior to 1900, battery electric vehicles held many speed and distance records, the most famous of which, was the breaking of the 100 km/h (60 mph) speed barrier. It was by Camille Jenatzy on April 29, 1899 in a rocket-shaped vehicle named Jamais Contente (Never Happy) which reached a peak speed of 105.88 km/h (65.79 mph).

During the early 20th Century, battery electric vehicles outsold gasoline powered vehicles and were successfully sold as city cars to upper-class customers. Because of high technological limitations, these cars were limited to a peak speed of about 32 km/h (20 mph). The cars were marketed as "appropriate vehicles for women drivers". Electric vehicles did not need hand-cranking to launch.

Monday, October 15, 2007

The History of Battery Electric Vehicles

Battery exciting Vehicles or BEVs, predated the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. It was between 1832-1839 that Robert Anderson, a Scottish businessman, imaginary the first electric carriage and Professor Sibrandus Stratingh from the Netherlands designed the first small-scale electric car which was built by his assistant Christopher Becker in 1835.

The storage battery better, firstly by Gaston Plant, a French physicist who invented the guide acid cell in 1859 and the first rechargeable battery. Then, in 1881, Camille Faure residential a more efficient and reliable battery which became so successful in the early electric cars. This discovery caused battery electric vehicles to flourish, with France and Great Britain being the first nations to support prevalent development of electric vehicles.

Monday, October 08, 2007

A battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells, which store chemical energy and make it accessible in an electrical form. There are many types of electrochemical cells, together with galvanic cells, electrolytic cells, fuel cells, flow cells, and voltaic cells. Formally, an electrical "battery" is an array of similar voltaic cells ("cells") joined in series. However, in many contexts it is universal to call a single cell a battery. A battery's individuality may vary due to many factors including internal chemistry, current drain, and temperature. Generally, battery life can be prolonged by storing the battery in a cool place and using it at an appropriate current.

Although an early form of battery may have been used in ancient times, the development of modern batteries started with the Voltaic pile, invented by the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta in 1800. Since then, batteries have gained recognition as they became portable and useful for many purposes. Unfortunately, the well-known use of batteries has created many environmental concerns, such as toxic metal pollution. Many reclamation companies reprocess batteries to reduce the number of batteries going into landfills. Rechargeable batteries can be charged hundreds of times before draining out; and even after wearing out they can be recycled.

There are two types of batteries disposable and rechargeable both of which convert chemical energy to electrical energy. Disposable batteries can only be used once because they use up their chemicals in an irreversible reaction. Rechargeable batteries can be recharged because the chemical reactions they use are reversible; they are recharged by running a charging current through the battery, but in the opposite direction of the discharge current.